World Wetlands Day 2023

World Wetlands Day 2023

World Wetlands Day is celebrated annually on February 2nd to raise awareness about the vital role that wetlands play in our ecosystem.

  • World Wetlands Day is celebrated annually on 2 February. The day is observed to create awareness among people about the importance of wetlands and different ways to restore their rapid loss and degradation.
Wetlands play an important and significant role in maintaining the ecological balance. Approximately, 40 percent of all plant and animal species live, breed, and flourish in wetlands. Destruction of wetlands can have a disastrous impact on the ecosystem. Wetlands serve as natural habitats for millions of flora and fauna species.

What are Wetlands ?

Wetlands are those areas where the soil is covered with water or can be present near the ground throughout the year. It supports both terrestrial and aquatic species. They vary widely depending on the climate, soil, vegetation, hydrology, chemistry, and human disturbance.


There are five major types of wetlands. They are marine, estuarine, lacustrine, riverine, and palustrine. It is essential to conserve wetlands as they are among the most productive environments.


Aim : The day is aimed at highlighting the vital role wetlands play in maintaining biodiversity and supporting human well-being.


This year, the theme for World Wetlands Day 2023 is “It’s Time for Wetlands Restoration”.



  • Wetlands are critical ecosystems that provide many important services to people and the environment, including water purification, flood control, habitat for diverse plant and animal species, and support for local communities livelihoods. Wetland degradation and loss reduce their ability to support biodiversity. 
  • By celebrating World Wetlands Day, people are reminded of the importance of these ecosystems and the need to protect them from degradation and loss.
  • The day also provides an opportunity for governments, organisations, and individuals to take action to conserve and restore wetlands, as well as to raise public awareness about their value.


The awareness of World Wetland Day started off in 1997. However, it was on August 30, 2021, that the United Nations General Assembly approved resolution 75/317 for World Wetlands Day to be celebrated on February 2.


The secretariat of the convention on wetlands tried to share materials like factsheets, documents, posters, and logos to educate individuals on the importance of wetlands on our planet.


World Wetlands Day is celebrated in many ways around the world. Some common activities include:


Education and Awareness Campaigns

Organising events, talks, and workshops to raise public awareness about the importance of wetlands and the challenges they face.


Wetlands Conservation Efforts

Carrying out activities to conserve and restore wetlands, such as planting trees, removing invasive species, and cleaning up litter.


Nature Walks and Excursions

Guided tours to wetlands to observe and learn about the plants, animals, and other features that make these ecosystems unique.


Art and Photo Competitions

Encouraging people to express their appreciation for wetlands through art, photography, and other creative forms.


Policy and Decision-Making Forums

Holding meetings and discussions with policymakers, decision-makers, and other stakeholders to promote the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.


Source : Indian Today, Free Press Journal, The quint, UN Biodiversity

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